Aprende a obtener una lista de todos los paquetes instalados en tu servidor ubuntu con la CLI.

Cómo listar todos los paquetes instalados en Ubuntu 16.04

En el entorno de producción, necesitará muchos componentes instalados en su servidor para garantizar que sus aplicaciones funcionen correctamente. Lamentablemente, ejecutar el comando de instalación de algún componente cuando el componente ya está instalado puede provocar una configuración incorrecta del componente, por lo que es posible que su aplicación no funcione como se esperaba.

La solución más sencilla es saber qué paquetes están instalados en el sistema antes de instalarlo o incluso actualizarlo. Esto se puede hacer simplemente en Ubuntu 16.04 con el siguiente comando:

apt list --installed

Esto generará una salida detallada con una lista de los paquetes instalados en la terminal:

Listing... Done
accountsservice/xenial-updates,now 0.6.40-2ubuntu11.3 amd64 [installed]
acl/xenial,now 2.2.52-3 amd64 [installed]
acpid/xenial,now 1:2.0.26-1ubuntu2 amd64 [installed]
adduser/xenial,xenial,now 3.113+nmu3ubuntu4 all [installed]
ansible/xenial,xenial,now 2.6.0-1ppa~xenial all [installed]
ant/xenial,xenial,now 1.9.6-1ubuntu1 all [installed]
ant-optional/xenial,xenial,now 1.9.6-1ubuntu1 all [installed,automatic]
apache2/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 2.4.18-2ubuntu3.8 amd64 [installed,automatic]
apache2-bin/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 2.4.18-2ubuntu3.8 amd64 [installed,automatic]
apache2-data/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,xenial-security,xenial-security,now 2.4.18-2ubuntu3.8 all [installed,automatic]
apache2-utils/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 2.4.18-2ubuntu3.8 amd64 [installed,automatic]
apparmor/xenial-updates,now 2.10.95-0ubuntu2.9 amd64 [installed]
apport/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,xenial-security,xenial-security,now 2.20.1-0ubuntu2.18 all [installed]
apport-symptoms/xenial,xenial,now 0.20 all [installed]
apt/xenial-updates,now 1.2.26 amd64 [installed]
apt-transport-https/xenial-updates,now 1.2.26 amd64 [installed]
apt-utils/xenial-updates,now 1.2.26 amd64 [installed]
aptitude/xenial,now 0.7.4-2ubuntu2 amd64 [installed]
aptitude-common/xenial,xenial,now 0.7.4-2ubuntu2 all [installed,automatic]
at/xenial,now 3.1.18-2ubuntu1 amd64 [installed]
base-files/xenial-updates,now 9.4ubuntu4.6 amd64 [installed]
base-passwd/xenial,now 3.5.39 amd64 [installed]
bash/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 4.3-14ubuntu1.2 amd64 [installed]
bash-completion/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 1:2.1-4.2ubuntu1.1 all [installed]
bcache-tools/xenial,now 1.0.8-2 amd64 [installed]
bind9-host/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 1:9.10.3.dfsg.P4-8ubuntu1.10 amd64 [installed]
binutils/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 2.26.1-1ubuntu1~16.04.6 amd64 [installed,automatic]
bsdmainutils/xenial,now 9.0.6ubuntu3 amd64 [installed]
bsdutils/xenial-updates,now 1:2.27.1-6ubuntu3.4 amd64 [installed]
btrfs-tools/xenial-updates,now 4.4-1ubuntu1 amd64 [installed]
build-essential/xenial,now 12.1ubuntu2 amd64 [installed,automatic]
busybox-initramfs/xenial,now 1:1.22.0-15ubuntu1 amd64 [installed]
busybox-static/xenial,now 1:1.22.0-15ubuntu1 amd64 [installed]
byobu/xenial,xenial,now 5.106-0ubuntu1 all [installed]
bzip2/xenial,now 1.0.6-8 amd64 [installed]
ca-certificates/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,xenial-security,xenial-security,now 20170717~16.04.1 all [installed]
ca-certificates-java/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 20160321ubuntu1 all [installed,automatic]
cloud-guest-utils/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 0.27-0ubuntu25.1 all [installed]
cloud-initramfs-copymods/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 0.27ubuntu1.5 all [installed]
cloud-initramfs-dyn-netconf/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 0.27ubuntu1.5 all [installed]
console-setup/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 1.108ubuntu15.4 all [installed]
console-setup-linux/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 1.108ubuntu15.4 all [installed]
coreutils/xenial-updates,now 8.25-2ubuntu3~16.04 amd64 [installed]
cpio/xenial,now 2.11+dfsg-5ubuntu1 amd64 [installed]
cpp/xenial,now 4:5.3.1-1ubuntu1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
cpp-5/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.10 amd64 [installed,automatic]
crda/xenial,now 3.13-1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
cron/xenial,now 3.0pl1-128ubuntu2 amd64 [installed]
cryptsetup/xenial-updates,now 2:1.6.6-5ubuntu2.1 amd64 [installed]
cryptsetup-bin/xenial-updates,now 2:1.6.6-5ubuntu2.1 amd64 [installed]
curl/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 7.47.0-1ubuntu2.8 amd64 [installed]
dash/xenial,now 0.5.8-2.1ubuntu2 amd64 [installed]
dbus/xenial-updates,now 1.10.6-1ubuntu3.3 amd64 [installed]
debconf/xenial,xenial,now 1.5.58ubuntu1 all [installed]
debconf-i18n/xenial,xenial,now 1.5.58ubuntu1 all [installed]
debianutils/xenial,now 4.7 amd64 [installed]
default-jre-headless/xenial,now 2:1.8-56ubuntu2 amd64 [installed,automatic]
dh-python/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 2.20151103ubuntu1.1 all [installed]
diffutils/xenial,now 1:3.3-3 amd64 [installed]
distro-info-data/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,xenial-security,xenial-security,now 0.28ubuntu0.8 all [installed]
dkms/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 2.2.0.3-2ubuntu11.5 all [installed]
dmeventd/xenial,now 2:1.02.110-1ubuntu10 amd64 [installed]
dmidecode/xenial-updates,now 3.0-2ubuntu0.1 amd64 [installed]
dmsetup/xenial,now 2:1.02.110-1ubuntu10 amd64 [installed]
dns-root-data/xenial,xenial,now 2015052300+h+1 all [installed]
dnsmasq-base/xenial-updates,now 2.75-1ubuntu0.16.04.4 amd64 [installed]
dnsutils/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 1:9.10.3.dfsg.P4-8ubuntu1.10 amd64 [installed]
dosfstools/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 3.0.28-2ubuntu0.1 amd64 [installed]
dpkg/xenial-updates,now 1.18.4ubuntu1.4 amd64 [installed]
dpkg-dev/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 1.18.4ubuntu1.4 all [installed,automatic]
e2fslibs/xenial,now 1.42.13-1ubuntu1 amd64 [installed]
e2fsprogs/xenial,now 1.42.13-1ubuntu1 amd64 [installed]
ed/xenial,now 1.10-2 amd64 [installed]
eject/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 2.1.5+deb1+cvs20081104-13.1ubuntu0.16.04.1 amd64 [installed]
ethtool/xenial,now 1:4.5-1 amd64 [installed]
fakeroot/xenial,now 1.20.2-1ubuntu1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
file/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 1:5.25-2ubuntu1.1 amd64 [installed]
findutils/xenial,now 4.6.0+git+20160126-2 amd64 [installed]
fontconfig-config/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,xenial-security,xenial-security,now 2.11.94-0ubuntu1.1 all [installed,automatic]
fonts-dejavu-core/xenial,xenial,now 2.35-1 all [installed,automatic]
ftp/xenial,now 0.17-33 amd64 [installed]
fuse/xenial-updates,now 2.9.4-1ubuntu3.1 amd64 [installed]
g++/xenial,now 4:5.3.1-1ubuntu1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
g++-5/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.10 amd64 [installed,automatic]
gawk/xenial,now 1:4.1.3+dfsg-0.1 amd64 [installed]
gcc/xenial,now 4:5.3.1-1ubuntu1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
gcc-5/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.10 amd64 [installed,automatic]
gcc-5-base/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.10 amd64 [installed]
gcc-6-base/xenial,now 6.0.1-0ubuntu1 amd64 [installed]
geoip-database/xenial,xenial,now 20160408-1 all [installed]
gettext-base/xenial,now 0.19.7-2ubuntu3 amd64 [installed]
gir1.2-glib-2.0/xenial,now 1.46.0-3ubuntu1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
git/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 1:2.7.4-0ubuntu1.4 amd64 [installed]
git-man/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,xenial-security,xenial-security,now 1:2.7.4-0ubuntu1.4 all [installed]
gnupg/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 1.4.20-1ubuntu3.2 amd64 [installed]
gpgv/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 1.4.20-1ubuntu3.2 amd64 [installed]
grep/xenial-updates,now 2.25-1~16.04.1 amd64 [installed]
groff-base/xenial,now 1.22.3-7 amd64 [installed]
grub-common/xenial-updates,now 2.02~beta2-36ubuntu3.18 amd64 [installed]
grub-gfxpayload-lists/xenial,now 0.7 amd64 [installed,automatic]
grub-legacy-ec2/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 18.2-4-g05926e48-0ubuntu1~16.04.2 all [installed]
grub-pc/xenial-updates,now 2.02~beta2-36ubuntu3.18 amd64 [installed]
grub-pc-bin/xenial-updates,now 2.02~beta2-36ubuntu3.18 amd64 [installed,automatic]
grub2-common/xenial-updates,now 2.02~beta2-36ubuntu3.18 amd64 [installed,automatic]
gyp/xenial,xenial,now 0.1+20150913git1f374df9-1ubuntu1 all [installed,automatic]
gzip/xenial,now 1.6-4ubuntu1 amd64 [installed]
hdparm/xenial-updates,now 9.48+ds-1ubuntu0.1 amd64 [installed]
hostname/xenial,now 3.16ubuntu2 amd64 [installed]
htop/xenial-updates,now 2.0.1-1ubuntu1 amd64 [installed]
ifenslave/xenial,xenial,now 2.7ubuntu1 all [installed]
ifupdown/xenial-updates,now 0.8.10ubuntu1.4 amd64 [installed]
info/xenial,now 6.1.0.dfsg.1-5 amd64 [installed]
init/xenial-updates,now 1.29ubuntu4 amd64 [installed]
init-system-helpers/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 1.29ubuntu4 all [installed]
initramfs-tools/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 0.122ubuntu8.11 all [installed]
initramfs-tools-bin/xenial-updates,now 0.122ubuntu8.11 amd64 [installed]
initramfs-tools-core/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 0.122ubuntu8.11 all [installed]
initscripts/xenial,now 2.88dsf-59.3ubuntu2 amd64 [installed]
insserv/xenial,now 1.14.0-5ubuntu3 amd64 [installed]
install-info/xenial,now 6.1.0.dfsg.1-5 amd64 [installed]
iproute2/xenial-updates,now 4.3.0-1ubuntu3.16.04.3 amd64 [installed]
iptables/xenial,now 1.6.0-2ubuntu3 amd64 [installed]
iputils-ping/xenial,now 3:20121221-5ubuntu2 amd64 [installed]
iputils-tracepath/xenial,now 3:20121221-5ubuntu2 amd64 [installed]
irqbalance/xenial,now 1.1.0-2ubuntu1 amd64 [installed]
isc-dhcp-client/xenial-updates,now 4.3.3-5ubuntu12.10 amd64 [installed]
isc-dhcp-common/xenial-updates,now 4.3.3-5ubuntu12.10 amd64 [installed]
iso-codes/xenial,xenial,now 3.65-1 all [installed,automatic]
iw/xenial,now 3.17-1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
java-common/xenial,xenial,now 0.56ubuntu2 all [installed,automatic]
javascript-common/xenial,xenial,now 11 all [installed,automatic]
kbd/xenial-updates,now 1.15.5-1ubuntu5 amd64 [installed]
keyboard-configuration/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 1.108ubuntu15.4 all [installed]
keyutils/xenial,now 1.5.9-8ubuntu1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
klibc-utils/xenial-updates,now 2.0.4-8ubuntu1.16.04.4 amd64 [installed]
kmod/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 22-1ubuntu5 amd64 [installed]
krb5-locales/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 1.13.2+dfsg-5ubuntu2 all [installed]
language-pack-en/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 1:16.04+20161009 all [installed]
language-pack-en-base/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 1:16.04+20160627 all [installed,automatic]
language-pack-gnome-en/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 1:16.04+20161009 all [installed]
language-pack-gnome-en-base/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 1:16.04+20160627 all [installed,automatic]
language-selector-common/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 0.165.4 all [installed]
less/xenial-updates,now 481-2.1ubuntu0.2 amd64 [installed]
libaccountsservice0/xenial-updates,now 0.6.40-2ubuntu11.3 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libacl1/xenial,now 2.2.52-3 amd64 [installed]
libaio1/xenial,now 0.3.110-2 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libalgorithm-diff-perl/xenial,xenial,now 1.19.03-1 all [installed,automatic]
libalgorithm-diff-xs-perl/xenial,now 0.04-4build1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libalgorithm-merge-perl/xenial,xenial,now 0.08-3 all [installed,automatic]
libapache2-mod-php5.6/xenial,now 5.6.36-1+ubuntu16.04.1+deb.sury.org+1 amd64 [installed]
libapache2-mod-php7.0/xenial,now 7.0.30-1+ubuntu16.04.1+deb.sury.org+1 amd64 [installed]
libapache2-mod-php7.1/xenial,now 7.1.18-1+ubuntu16.04.1+deb.sury.org+1 amd64 [installed]
libapache2-mod-php7.2/xenial,now 7.2.7-1+ubuntu16.04.1+deb.sury.org+1 amd64 [installed]
libapparmor-perl/xenial-updates,now 2.10.95-0ubuntu2.9 amd64 [installed]
libapparmor1/xenial-updates,now 2.10.95-0ubuntu2.9 amd64 [installed]
libapr1/xenial,now 1.5.2-3 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libaprutil1/xenial,now 1.5.4-1build1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3/xenial,now 1.5.4-1build1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libaprutil1-ldap/xenial,now 1.5.4-1build1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libapt-inst2.0/xenial-updates,now 1.2.26 amd64 [installed]
libapt-pkg5.0/xenial-updates,now 1.2.26 amd64 [installed]
libargon2-0/xenial,now 0~20161029-1+ubuntu16.04.1+deb.sury.org+1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libasan2/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.10 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libasn1-8-heimdal/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 1.7~git20150920+dfsg-4ubuntu1.16.04.1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libasprintf0v5/xenial,now 0.19.7-2ubuntu3 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libatm1/xenial,now 1:2.5.1-1.5 amd64 [installed]
libatomic1/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.10 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libattr1/xenial,now 1:2.4.47-2 amd64 [installed]
libaudit-common/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 1:2.4.5-1ubuntu2.1 all [installed]
libaudit1/xenial-updates,now 1:2.4.5-1ubuntu2.1 amd64 [installed]
libavahi-client3/xenial-updates,now 0.6.32~rc+dfsg-1ubuntu2.2 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libavahi-common-data/xenial-updates,now 0.6.32~rc+dfsg-1ubuntu2.2 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libavahi-common3/xenial-updates,now 0.6.32~rc+dfsg-1ubuntu2.2 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libbind9-140/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 1:9.10.3.dfsg.P4-8ubuntu1.10 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libblkid1/xenial-updates,now 2.27.1-6ubuntu3.4 amd64 [installed]
libboost-iostreams1.58.0/xenial-updates,now 1.58.0+dfsg-5ubuntu3.1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libbsd0/xenial,now 0.8.2-1 amd64 [installed]
libbz2-1.0/xenial,now 1.0.6-8 amd64 [installed]
libc-bin/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 2.23-0ubuntu10 amd64 [installed]
libc-dev-bin/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 2.23-0ubuntu10 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libc6/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 2.23-0ubuntu10 amd64 [installed]
libc6-dev/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 2.23-0ubuntu10 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libcap-ng0/xenial,now 0.7.7-1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libcap2/xenial,now 1:2.24-12 amd64 [installed]
libcap2-bin/xenial,now 1:2.24-12 amd64 [installed]
libcc1-0/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.10 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libcgi-fast-perl/xenial,xenial,now 1:2.10-1 all [installed,automatic]
libcgi-pm-perl/xenial,xenial,now 4.26-1 all [installed,automatic]
libcilkrts5/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.10 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libclass-accessor-perl/xenial,xenial,now 0.34-1 all [installed,automatic]
libcomerr2/xenial,now 1.42.13-1ubuntu1 amd64 [installed]
libcryptsetup4/xenial-updates,now 2:1.6.6-5ubuntu2.1 amd64 [installed]
libcups2/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 2.1.3-4ubuntu0.4 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libcurl3/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 7.47.0-1ubuntu2.8 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libcurl3-gnutls/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 7.47.0-1ubuntu2.8 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libcwidget3v5/xenial,now 0.5.17-4ubuntu2 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libdb5.3/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 5.3.28-11ubuntu0.1 amd64 [installed]
libdbus-1-3/xenial-updates,now 1.10.6-1ubuntu3.3 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libdbus-glib-1-2/xenial,now 0.106-1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libdebconfclient0/xenial,now 0.198ubuntu1 amd64 [installed]
libdevmapper-event1.02.1/xenial,now 2:1.02.110-1ubuntu10 amd64 [installed]
libdevmapper1.02.1/xenial,now 2:1.02.110-1ubuntu10 amd64 [installed]
libdns-export162/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 1:9.10.3.dfsg.P4-8ubuntu1.10 amd64 [installed]
libdns162/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 1:9.10.3.dfsg.P4-8ubuntu1.10 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libdpkg-perl/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 1.18.4ubuntu1.4 all [installed,automatic]
libdrm-common/xenial-updates,xenial-updates,now 2.4.83-1~16.04.1 all [installed,automatic]
libdrm2/xenial-updates,now 2.4.83-1~16.04.1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libdumbnet1/xenial,now 1.12-7 amd64 [installed]
libedit2/xenial,now 3.1-20150325-1ubuntu2 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libelf1/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 0.165-3ubuntu1.1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libencode-locale-perl/xenial,xenial,now 1.05-1 all [installed,automatic]
liberror-perl/xenial,xenial,now 0.17-1.2 all [installed]
libestr0/xenial,now 0.1.10-1 amd64 [installed]
libevent-2.0-5/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 2.0.21-stable-2ubuntu0.16.04.1 amd64 [installed]
libevent-core-2.0-5/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 2.0.21-stable-2ubuntu0.16.04.1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libexpat1/xenial-updates,xenial-security,now 2.1.0-7ubuntu0.16.04.3 amd64 [installed]
libfakeroot/xenial,now 1.20.2-1ubuntu1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libfcgi-perl/xenial,now 0.77-1build1 amd64 [installed,automatic]
libfdisk1/xenial-updates,now 2.27.1-6ubuntu3.4 amd64 [installed]
libffi6/xenial,now 3.2.1-4 amd64 [installed]

Según este resultado, podrá instalar o actualizar lo que necesite sin configurar nada incorrectamente.

Que te diviertas ❤️!


Ingeniero de Software Senior en EPAM Anywhere. Interesado en la programación desde los 14 años, Carlos es un programador autodidacta, fundador y autor de la mayoría de los artículos de Our Code World.

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